Nevada Begins Cultivating Industrial Hemp - The Event Chronicle
Both industrial hemp and marijuana belong to the Cannabis sativa L species. The differences are created by breeding to create hybrids (not GMO) for specific functions. Marijuana is bred to produce THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), which creates the taboo high, along with 60 to 80 other cannabinoids, among which CBD, (cannabidiol) is present. CBD with its vast medicinal qualities and almost no THC can be extracted from industrial hemp. More on that here.
Medicinal cannabis or marijuana demands a little more attention and care than industrial hemp, which is always grown outdoors. Marijuana is often grown indoors in small shrub-like plants. This is to control the environment sufficiently for creating predictable THC/CBD (cannabidiol) quantities and cannabinoid/terpene combinations for the entourage effect appropriate for medical and recreational purposes.
Industrial hemp, on the other hand, is grown outdoors and reaches seven to ten feet tall. Its sturdy stalks exhibit fewer leaves and less flowers than marijuana.
There’s no need for herbicides. Hemp plants mature rapidly and are ready for harvesting within four to six months from planting. It’s a rugged plant that can thrive without toxic phosphate fertilizers, which are seeping into inland waterways and spoiling ocean coastal water ecology.
As a pure cash crop, one can grow and harvest hemp twice a year in the right climates. Since hemp tends to actually rejuvenate rather than deplete topsoil without synthetic fertilizers, it makes a great rotational crop for farmers, especially organic farmers, and would also provide needed cash flow for farmers.